Use of the Gaps in the Critically Ill

  • F. Schiraldi
  • B. Maglione


The specific diagnosis in acid-base disorders should always start with history, physical examination, electrolyte pattern, full urinary evaluation, and obviously blood gas analysis (BGA) (1–3).


Metabolic Acidosis Renal Tubular Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Mixed Disorder Calculated Plasmatic Osmolarity 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Schiraldi
  • B. Maglione

There are no affiliations available

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