The Role of the Anesthesiologist During Nonconventional War

  • A. Perel
  • H. Berkenstadt


Chemical warfare was used extensively during World War I and was part of the weapon arsenal of many countries during World War II and the years afterwards (1). During the last two decades chemical weapons have become the “nuclear weapons of the poor countries”, since they are easily produced from ordinary chemicals and because of their potential lethality (2). In the 1980s Iraq used chemical warfare against Iran (3) and recently, chemical gases were used against the civilian population by terrorists in Japan.


Nerve Agent Pancuronium Bromide Vecuronium Bromide Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxant Mass Casualty Event 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Perel
  • H. Berkenstadt

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