Noninvasive Pressure Measurements
Blood pressure measurement started in the eighteenth century. In 1773, an English theologian and scientist Stephan Hales measured a horse’s mean blood pressure directly without anaesthetic. Blood pressure measurement has since improved through a succession of scientific studies. Although the method of reference continues to be intra-arterial catheterisation, clinicians now have noninvasive methods at their disposal, which allow them to measure the mean, diastolic and systolic blood pressures either manually or automatically. More recently, devices have appeared on the market that allow a continuous blood pressure curve to be recorded, which is very close to the actual intra-arterial pressure curve.
KeywordsSystolic Pressure Diastolic Pressure Cuff Pressure Pressure Curve Korotkoff Sound
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Meyer PH (1977) Physiologie humaine. Rammarion, ParisGoogle Scholar
- 2.Kirkendall WM, Burton AC et al (1967) Recommendation for human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometers. Circulation 980Google Scholar
- 3.Geddes LA (1970) The direct and indirect measurement of blood pressure. Year Book Medical, St. LouisGoogle Scholar
- 4.Roy CS, Adami JG (1980) Heartbeat and pulse-wave. Practitioner 45:20Google Scholar
- 5.Gravenstein JS, Newbower RS et al (1979) Essential non invasive monitoring in anesthesia. Grune and Statton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 6.Medasonics Co, 340 Pioneer Way, PO Box M, Mountain View, CA 94042, USAGoogle Scholar
- 9.Puritan-Bennett Corporation of California, 12655 Beatrice Street, Los Angeles, CA 90086, USAGoogle Scholar
- 10.Roche Medical Electronics Division, Hoffman LaRoche, Inc., Cranbury, NJ, USAGoogle Scholar
- 11.Penaz J (1973) Photoelectric measurement of blood pressure, volume and flow in the fmger. Digest 10th Int Conf Med Biol Eng 104Google Scholar
- 12.User Manual. COR Medical Catalog Item. 7001–89-80Google Scholar