Evolution of Theories and Interpretation of Respiratory Mechanics Data
The simplest mechanical model of the respiratory system was introduced in 1950 by Otis et al. (1). It consists of a single compartment of constant elastance (E) served by a pathway of constant flow resistance (R). It is based on the assumption that the mechanical properties of the respiratory system are independent of lung volume and flow, and that inertial factors are negligible. These are reasonable assumptions for normal resting breathing, and even the gross overimplification of a single compartment has been useful for making quahtative predictions (2).
KeywordsChest Wall Respiratory System Respiratory Mechanic Chest Wall Mechanic Lung Deflation
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