Awareness during anaesthesia: incidence and clinical and legal aspects

  • C. Ori
  • A. Roncarati
  • S. Rizzi
Conference paper


Until the early 1940s, before the introduction into clinical practice of neuromuscular blocking drugs, the adequacy of the depth of anaesthesia could be assessed by observing patients’ reactions to surgical stimuli in terms of gross movements, breathing activity, reflexes, and muscular tone. Furthermore, the use of highly soluble volatile agents made it possible to distinguish clearly between different levels of anaesthesia, which were accomplished quite slowly. In those circumstances, an excessive depth of anaesthesia was the main danger.


Implicit Memory Explicit Memory Legal Aspect Anaesth Intensive Medial Geniculate Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ori
  • A. Roncarati
  • S. Rizzi

There are no affiliations available

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