Endocrine Pathology in Thalassemia

  • D. Sonakul


Patients with thalassemia suffer from anemia, accelerated intramedullary and extramedullary erythropoiesis, and iron overload due to hemolysis and increased absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, with deleterious effects on internal organs and tissues [2, 7–9]. With modern treatment and longer survival, endocrine dysfunction assumes greater importance [1, 3–5]. This study was carried out in an attempt to correlate such dysfunction with pathologic findings in major endocrine organs.


Pancreatic Islet Parathyroid Gland Iron Deposition Nodular Goiter Thalassemic Patient 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

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  • D. Sonakul

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