Cold Adaptation and Stenothermy in Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes: What Has Been Gained and What Has Been Lost?

  • George N. Somero
  • Peter A. Fields
  • Gretchen E. Hofmann
  • Randi B. Weinstein
  • Helena Kawall


Antarctic notothenioid fishes inhabit the coldest and most thermally stable waters in the ocean. During their evolutionary histories, these fishes have adapted to the threats posed by potentially freezing temperatures as well as the decelerating effects of reduced temperatures on rates of physiological processes. Cold adaptation of numerous biochemical systems has been a major feature of the evolutionary development of these species [1, 2, 3, 4].


Heat Shock Response Cold Adaptation Antarctic Fish Notothenioid Fish Metabolic Compensation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • George N. Somero
    • 1
  • Peter A. Fields
    • 1
  • Gretchen E. Hofmann
    • 2
  • Randi B. Weinstein
    • 3
  • Helena Kawall
    • 4
  1. 1.Hopkins Marine StationStanford UniversityPacific GroveUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of Arizona Health Sciences CenterTucsonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of South FloridaSt. PetersburgUSA

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