Advertisement

Preliminary Investigations on the Evolution of the Tribe Electronini (Myctophiformes, Myctophidae)

  • P. Alexander Hulley

Abstract

Lanternfishes are the most speciose family of oceanic teleosts [1]. Stiassny [2] has provided the most recent generic analysis. More than 35 myctophid species are known to occur in the Southern Ocean [3], They are distributed offshore of the continental shelf break and form the dominant component of mesopelagic fish biomass in the Southern Ocean [4]. A cladogram for Southern Ocean myctophids is lacking, but there is reason to suspect that speciation in this region arose through a series of vicariance events [5, 6, 7, 8].

Keywords

Southern Ocean Drake Passage North Atlantic Deep Water Mesopelagic Fish Vicariance Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hulley PA (1994) Lanternfishes. In: Paxton JR, Eschmeyer W (eds) Encyclopedia of fishes. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, pp 127–128Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stiassny MLJ (1996) Basal ctenosquamate relationships and interrelationships of the Myctophiform (Scopelomorph) fishes. In: Stiassny MLJ, Parenti LR, Johnson DR (eds) Interrelationships of fishes. Academic Press, San Diego, London, pp 405–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hulley PA (1990) Family Myctophidae. In: Gon O, Heemstra PC (eds) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, pp 146–178Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hulley PA, Kock K-H, Pusch C, White MG. Mesopelagic fishes. In: Cruise report of Cruise ANT XIV/2 of RS ‘Polarstern’. Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven (in press)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McGinnis RF (1977) Evolution within pelagic ecosystems: aspects of the distribution and evolution of the family Myctophidae. In: Llano G (ed) Adaptations within Antarctic ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, pp 547–556Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    McGinnis RF (1982) Biogeography of lanternfishes (Myctophidae) south of 30°S. Ant Res Ser 35:1–110Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eastman JT (1993) Antarctic fish biology: evolution in a unique environment. Academic Press, San Diego LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    White BN (1994) Vicariance biogeography of the open-ocean Pacific. Prog Oceanogr 34:257–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brzoboharty R (1981) Zur Palökologie der fossilen Myctophiden (Myctophidae, Teleostei). Zap Karp ser paleon 6:31–48Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schwarzhans W (1980) Die tertiäre Teleosteer-fauna Neuseelands, rekonstruiert anhand von Otolithen. Berliner geowiss Abh (A) 26:l–211Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fraser-Brunner A (1949) A classification of the fishes of the family Myctophidae. Proc Zool Soc Lond 118:1019–1107Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bolin RL (1939) A review of the myctophid fishes of the Pacific coast of the United States and of Lower California. Stan Ichthyol Bull 1:89–156Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Andriashev AP (1965) A general review of the Antarctic fish fauna. In: van Oye, van Miegham J (eds) Biology and ecology in Antarctica. Monogr Biol 15. Junk, The Hague, pp 491–550Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hulley PA (1981) Results of the research cruises of FRV ‘Walther Herwig’ to South America. LVIII. Family Myctophidae (Osteichthyes, Myctophiformes). Arch FischWiss 31:1–300Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Farris JS (1988) Hennig86 reference manual. Mimeograph. 22 pp (unnumbered)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hulley PA, Krefft G (1985) A Zoogeographic analysis of the fishes of the family Myctophidae (Osteichthyes, Myctophiformes) from the 1979-Sargasso Sea Expedition of R.V. ‘Anton Dohrn’. Ann S Afr Mus 96:19–52Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hulley PA (1986) Family 86: Myctophidae. In: Smith MM, Heemstra PC (eds) Smith’s sea fishes. Macmillan, Johannesburg, pp 282–321Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Becker VE (1964) On the temperate-cold water complex of myctophids (Myctophidae, Pisces). Okeanol 4(3):469–475Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kennett JP (1982) Marine geology. Prentice-Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fitch JE (1969) Fossil lanternfish otoliths of California, with notes on fossil Myctophidae of North America. Contr Sci Los Ang Cty Mus Nat Hist 173:1–20Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schwarzhans W (1978) Otolithen aus dem Unter-Pliozän von Süd-Sizilien und aus der Toscana. Berliner geowiss Abh (A) 82:1–52Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Paxton JR (1972) Osteology and relationships of the lanternfishes. Sci Bull Nat Hist Mus Los Ang Cty 13:1–81Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Alexander Hulley
    • 1
  1. 1.South African MuseumCape TownRepublic of South Africa

Personalised recommendations