Evolution of Sensory Systems: A Comparison of Antarctic and Deep-Sea Ichthyofauna

  • John C. Montgomery
  • John A. Macdonald


There are many similarities between Antarctic seas and the deep ocean the principal ones being that both are cold and dark. Antarctic high latitude basins are effectively dark for the duration of the Antarctic winter. Even during summer, ice cover extensively reduces light levels, and the continental shelf is deeper (∼600 m) than for other continents (∼200 m).


Lateral Line Antarctic Fish Olfactory Organ Lateral Line System Sensory Adaptation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Montgomery JC, Pankhurst NW (1997) Sensory biology. In: Randall DJ, Farrell AP (eds) Deep sea fish. Fish Physiology Series, Vol. 16. Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 325–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eastman JT, Grande L (1989) Evolution of the Antarctic fish fauna with emphasis on recent notothenioids. In: Crame JA (ed) Origins and evolution of the Antarctic biota. US Geol Soc Spec Pub No. 47: 241–252Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bargelloni L, Ritchie PA, Patarnello T, Battaglia B, Lambert DM, Meyer A (1994) Molecular evolution at subzero temperatures: mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies of fishes from Antarctica (suborder Notothenioidei), and the evolution of antifreeze glycopeptides. Mol Biol Evol 11:854–863PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kennett P (1977) Cenozoic evolution of Antarctic glaciation, the circum-Antarctic ocean and their impact on global paleoceanography. J Geophysical Research 82: 3843–3876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Long JA (1995) The rise of fishes. University of New South Wales Press, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Paulin C, Stewart A, Roberts C, McMillan P (1989) New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of NZ Misc, Series 19: pp 279Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Caprio J (1988). Peripheral filters and chemoreceptor cells in fishes. In: Atema J, Fay RR, Popper AN and Tavolga WN (eds) Sensory biology of aquatic animals. Springer-Verlag. New York. pp 313–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamamoto M (1982) Comparative morphology of the peripheral olfactory organ in teleosts. In: Hara TJ (ed.) Chemoreception in fishes. Elsevier, New York, pp 39–59Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marshall NB (1979) Developments in deep-sea biology. Blandford Press, PooleGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baird RC, Jumper GY (1993) Olfactory organs in the deep sea hatchetfish Sternoptyx diaphana (Stomiiformes, Sternoptychidae). Bull Mar Sci 53: 1163–1167Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pankhurst NW, Montgomery JC (1989) Visual function in four Antarctic nototheniid fishes. J Exp Biol 142: 311–324Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gon O, Heemstra PC (1990) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, GrahamstownGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Eastman JT (1988) Ocular morphology in Antarctic notothenioid fishes. J Morphol 196: 283–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Denton EJ, Locket NA (1989) Possible wavelength discrimination by multibank retinae in deep-sea fishes. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 69: 409–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Locket NA (1985) The multiple bank fovea of Bajacalifornia drakei, an alepocephalid deep-sea teleost. Proc Roy Soc B 224: 7–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pankhurst NW (1987) Intra-and interspecific changes in retinal morphology among mesopelagic and demersal teleosts from the slope waters of New Zealand. Environ Biol Fish 19: 269–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Coombs S, Montgomery JC (1994) Functional consequences of structural diversity in the lateral line system of Antarctic fish. Sensory Systems 8: 150–156 (translated from Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Montgomery JC, Baker C, Carton AG (1997) The lateral line can mediate rheotaxis in fish. Nature (in press)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Montgomery JC, Macdonald JA (1987) Sensory tuning of lateral line receptors in Antarctic fish to the movements of planktonic prey. Science 235: 195–196PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Janssen J (1996) Use of the lateral line and tactile senses in feeding in four Antarctic nototheniid fishes. Envir Biol Fish 47: 51–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Janssen J, Slattery M, Jones W (1993) Feeding responses to mechanical stimulation of the barbel in Histidraco velifer (Artedidracondidae). Copeia 1993: 885–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Robilliard GA, Dayton PK (1969) Notes on the biology of the chaenichthyid fish Pagetopsis macropterus from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Antarct J US 4: 304–306Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Montgomery
    • 1
  • John A. Macdonald
    • 1
  1. 1.Experimental Biology Research Group, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations