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Respiration and Activity of Arctic and Antarctic Fish with Different Modes of Life: A Multivariate Analysis of Experimental Data

  • Christopher Zimmermann
  • Gerd Hubold

Abstract

Traditionally, polar fishes have been considered to be restricted in their physiological performance by low water temperatures [1]. This restriction could even limit the types of life style in polar seas [2]. However, detailed ecological investigations based on in situ and long term aquarium observations show a surprisingly wide scope of life types and behavioral patterns for polar ocean fishes [3–8]. In today’s fish fauna of both polar seas all ecotypes are present, except for scombrid-like forms [9]. Uncertainties persist about the metabolic performance potential of polar fishes. Following the expected respiration trend of temperature, ectotherm organisms should all display an extremely low metabolism at polar temperatures [10], which ought to result in limited activity and physiological performance. Early results of Scholander et al. [11] and Wohlschlag [12] found elevated respiration rates in polar fish species, which was in accordance with Krogh’s [10] suggestions, and developed the concept of a “Metabolic Cold Adaptation” (MCA). More sophisticated experimental conditions (i.e. the consideration of handling stress [1] and spontaneous activity [13]) rendered lower oxygen consumption values which led to a rejection of the MCA concept [1, 14–15]. However, oxygen consumption rates even within one species yielded contradictory results, which can be attributed to the various experimental set-ups used (see [16] for a review).

Keywords

Spontaneous Activity Movement Rate Antarctic Fish Factorial Plane Lower Oxygen Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Zimmermann
    • 1
  • Gerd Hubold
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für PolarökologieUniversität KielKielGermany
  2. 2.Institut für SeefischereiBundesforschungsanstalt für FischereiHamburgGermany

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