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End-Stage Heart Failure and Timing of Heart Transplantation

  • M. F. Leonen
  • J. B. O’Connell
Conference paper

Abstract

During the 30 years since the first successful operation, cardiac transplantation has evolved to a procedure of choice in heart failure patients who have otherwise dismal short term prognosis. Refinements in surgical approach, tissue preservation, immunology and infectious disease control have produced survival rates up to 85% at one year and 70% at five years [1]. By operational definition, patients with refractory symptoms whose prognoses are estimated to be worse than transplantation should be considered in end-stage heart failure.

Keywords

Heart Failure Heart Transplantation Cardiac Transplantation Chronic Congestive Heart Failure Heart Lung Transplant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Leonen
  • J. B. O’Connell

There are no affiliations available

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