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β-Blockers for Heart Failure: Practical Issues

  • J. G. F. Cleland
Conference paper

Abstract

Carvedilol, and possibly other β-blockers, are rapidly becoming established as part of the routine treatment for chronic heart failure [1,2]. In clinical trials chronic β-blocker therapy slows progression of left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure symptoms, postpones the need for transplantation, reduces the frequency of hospitalisations and reduces the risk of death. In these trials, β-blockers have been well tolerated, with withdrawal rates similar to that observed in trials of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

Keywords

Heart Failure Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Chronic Heart Failure Blocker Therapy Serum Digoxin Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. F. Cleland

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