Haemorrhagic shock: pathophysiology and treatment

  • G. P. Novelli
  • A. Di Filippo
Part of the Topics in Anaesthesia and Critical Care book series (TIACC)


Shock is a condition of generalized deficit of tissue perfusion. It is defined as haemorrhagic shock (HS) when the deficit is due to a reduction in blood volume caused by acute haemorrhage. The early response to haemorrhage involves both neural and humoral components. The stimuli that can elicit this neuroendocrine response include hypovolaemia, pain, respiratory disturbances, infections, emotional arousal, changes in temperature and changes in blood glucose; the final response might be modified by ethanol, pre-existing diseases, drug withdrawal, age etc.


Xanthine Oxidase Haemorrhagic Shock Xanthine Oxidase Inhibition Selective Decontamination Inhibit Calcium Influx 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. P. Novelli
  • A. Di Filippo

There are no affiliations available

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