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Dementias pp 51-76 | Cite as

Classification and Diagnosis of Dementias

  • F. Boller
  • L. Traykov

Abstract

Dementia is a clinical state characterized by a decline in multiple cognitive functions that interferes with a subject’s ability to function on a daily basis, with a preserved level of consciousness, at least up to its most advanced stage. In an effort to operationalize the definition of dementia, attempts have been made to specify the type and degree of the cognitive decline. Most criteria require that multiple domains of cognitive functions be affected and that the cognitive dysfunction be clinically significant. This approach helps distinguish the demented patient from patients with restricted brain lesions [e.g., with a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) producing aphasia] and from the cognitive changes that occur with normal aging.

Keywords

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Diffuse Lewy Body Disease Subcortical Dementia Idiopathic Basal Ganglion Calcification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Boller
  • L. Traykov

There are no affiliations available

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