Mechanical Ventilation and Lung Mechanics
Classical studies by von Neergaard in 1929 and Radford and co-workers in the early 1960’s showed in experiments with liquid- and air-filled lungs that surface forces are responsible for a large part of the elastic recoil pressure of the lungs [1, 2]. Concepts which may form the basis for the interpretation of elastic pressure-volume (Pel-V) curves in today’s intensive care units were laid down. This interpretation is, however, more complex than has previously been understood as will be emphasised in this chapter. The technique for clinical determination of the Pel-V curves is another issue that will be discussed.
KeywordsAcute Lung Injury Respir Crit Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Lung Mechanic Lung Model
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