Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis

  • H. J. Adrogué
Conference paper


Deviations of systemic acidity in either direction can have adverse consequences and, when severe, can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is essential for the clinician to be able to recognize and properly diagnose acid-base disorders, understand their impact on organ function, and be familiar with their treatment and the potential complications of treatment [1]. Respiratory disorders, that is abnormalities of acid-base equilibrium initiated by a change in blood carbon dioxide tension (PCO2), are frequently encountered in clinical practice, especially in critically ill patients [2]. In the present chapter, we will focus on clinical diagnosis and management of respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis.


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Respiratory Acidosis Central Sleep Apnea Alveolar Ventilation Respiratory Alkalosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Adrogué
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Medicine and Renal SectionVeterans Affairs Medical CentreHoustonUSA

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