Dimension of Fluid Compartments in Severely Ill Patients
Substantial deviations from the normal dimension of body fluid compartments or spaces occur in severely ill patients. These abnormalities include changes in the absolute size of a given compartment, in its relative size with respect to other spaces or to total body water, or the development of non-functional compartments . Since the consequences of fluid space abnormalities can be life-threatening, it is most important to recognize their presence, interpret properly their pathogenesis, and implement measures aimed at correcting these disorders. We describe below the most relevant disorders of fluid compartment dimensions in critically ill patients.
KeywordsTotal Body Water Mitral Valve Disease Fluid Compartment Body Cell Mass Total Body Potassium
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