Virtual Reality in Clinical Abdominal MR Imaging

  • J. F. Debatin
Conference paper
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)


Continuous advances in the capabilities of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) hardware have made the availability of high-resolution isotropic data volumes part of the every day clinical environment. With the aid of sophisticated algorithms and high performance computing, cross-sectional MR imaging data of the abdomen may be rendered as direct three-dimensional (3D) representations of selected structures. Various post-processing routines, including virtual intraluminal endoscopy (VIE) can be applied to these data sets.


Magnetic Resonance Angiography Compute Tomography Colonography Volume Rendering Magn Reson Image Virtual Colonoscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Rubin GD, Beaulieu CF, Argiro V, Ringl H, Norbash AM, Feller JF, et al. (1996) Perspective volume rendering of CT and MR Images: Applications for endoscopic imaging. Radiology 199(5):323–330Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vining DJ (1996) Virtual endoscopy: Is it reality? Radiologv 200:30–31Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Geiger B, Kikinis R (1994) Simulation of endoscopy. In: AAAI spring symposium series: Applications of computer vision in medical image processing. Stanford University, pp 138–140Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vining DJ, Shifrin RY, Grishaw EK, et al. (1994) Virtual colonoscopy. Radiology 193:446 (abstract)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ramaswamy K, Higgins WE (1996) Endoscopic exploration and measurement in 3D radiological images. Proc SPIE 2710:511–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leung DA, McKinnon GC, Davis CP, Pfammatter T, Krestin GP, Debatin JF (1996) Breathheld contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography. Radiology 201:569–571Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Luboldt W, Bauerfeind P, Steiner P, Fried M, Krestin GK, Debatin JF (1997) Preliminary assessment of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging for various colonic disorders. Lancet 349:1288–1291PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prince MR (1994) Gadolinium-enhanced MR aortography. Radiologv 191:155–164Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Prince MR, Narasimhan DL, Stanley JC (1995) Breath-hold gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography of the abdominal aorta and its major branches. Radiology 197:785–792PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Debatin JF, Schmid MR, Knesplova L, Hany TF, Schlumpf R, Bauerfeind P (1998) 3D MR gastrography: Exoscopic and endoscopic analysis of the stomach. Eur Radiol (in press)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lorensen WE, Cline HE (1987) Marching cubes: A high resolution 3D surface contruction algorithm. Comp Graph 21(4):163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ney DR, Fishman EK, Magid D, Drebin RA (1990) Volumetric rendering of computed tomography data: Principles and techniques. IEEE Comp Graph Appl 10(3):24–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hany TF, McKinnon GC, Leung DA, Pfammatter T, Debatin JF (1997) Optimization of contrast timing for breath-hold 3D MR angiography. J Magn Reson Imaging 7:552–557.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hany TF, Schmidt M, Steiner P, Debatin JF (1999) Optimization of contrast dosage for gadolinium-enhanced 3D MRA of the pulmonary and renal arteries. Magn Reson Imaging (in press).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ladd ME, Gohde SC, Steiner P, Pfammatter T, McKinnon GC, Debatin JF (1996) Virtual MR angioscopy of the pulmonary artery tree. J Comput Assist Tomogr 20(5):782–785PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Davis CP, Ladd ME, Romanowski BJ, Wildermuth S, Knoplioch JF, Debatin JF (1996) Human aorta: preliminary results with virtual endoscopy based on three-dimensional MR imaging data sets. Radiology 199:37–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hany TF, Schmidt M, Davis CP, Goedhe SC, Debatin JF (1999) Evaluation of 4 different post-processing techniques in the evaluation of contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol (in press).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hara AK, Johnson DC, Reed JE, Ehman RL, Ilstrup DM (1996) Colorectal polyp detection with CT colonography: two-versus three-dimensional techniques. Radiology 200:49–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schoenenberger AW, Bauerfeind P, Krestin GP, Debatin JF (1997) Virtual colonoscopy with magnetic resonance imaging: in vitro evaluation of a new concept. Gastroenterology 112(6):1863–1870PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Debatin JF, Schoenenberger A, Bauerfeind P, Krestin GP (1997) In vivo exoscopic and endoscopic MR-imaging of the colon. Am J Radiol 169:1085–88Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Luboldt W, Steiner P, Bauerfeind P, Pelkonen P, Debatin JF (1998) Detection of mass lesions with MR colonography: Preliminary report. Radiology (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Debatin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Diagnostic RadiologyUniversity HospitalZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations