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Obstruction and Infection of the Kidneys and Ureters

  • R. J. Zagoria
Conference paper
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)

Abstract

In most patients, ureteral obstruction results from an acute process with associated symptoms. Some controversy exists as to which imaging studies are best for investigating suspected ureteral obstruction. At the Wake Forest University School of Medicine, the noncontrast helical computed tomography (CT) is preferred because it is safe and extremely rapid, and the accuracy rate for detecting ureteral stones, the most common cause of ureteral obstruction, exceeds that of other imaging studies. Noncontrast helical CT has an overall accuracy of 97% for diagnosing ureteral stone disease. This far exceeds the accuracy of intravenous urography (IVU) or sonography (US). Regardless of composition, virtually all ureteral stones will have high attenuation values making them readily detectable with CT. Nonmineralized matrix stones and some drug-related stones (protease inhibitors) may not be visible on CT images but these are rarely encountered. Noncontrast helical CT is also highly accurate in demonstrating the size and location of ureteral stones.

Keywords

Transitional Cell Carcinoma Ureteral Stone Ureteral Obstruction Acute Pyelonephritis Intravenous Urography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Zagoria
    • 1
  1. 1.Wake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA

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