Thoughts of a Biologist on the Evolution of Freedom

  • H. Kummer
Conference paper
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)


Biologists sometimes explore the pedigree of living things with a particular question. They trace the evolution of respiration, or of orientation in space, or of social behavior. The philosopher Hans Jonas dared to trace the evolution of freedom, and he did so with a penetrating understanding of biology. To his work I am greatly indebted.


Nonhuman Primate World View Bighorn Sheep Salt Lick Break Branch 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kummer
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological InstituteUniversity of ZurichSwitzerland

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