Advertisement

Atrial Fibrillation After Heart Surgery: How to Identify and Protect Predisposed Patients?

  • C. Zussa
  • E. Polesel
Conference paper

Abstract

Supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA), mostly atrial fibrillation (AF), are the most frequent complications after cardiac surgery. In patients undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the incidence of postoperative AF (pAF) ranges from 20% to 40% [1–10]. The figure rises to 50% after valvular surgery [11, 12].

Keywords

Atrial Fibrillation Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Coronary Bypass Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ormerod OJM, McGregor CGA, Stone DL, Wisbey C, Petch MC (1984) Arrhythmias after coronary by-pass surgery. Br Heart J 51:618–621PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rubin DA, Nieminski KE, Reed GE, Herman MV (1987) Predictors, prevention, and long-term prognosis of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery by-pass graft operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 94:331-335PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lauer MS, Eagle KA, Buckley MJ, DeSanctis RW (1989) Atrial fibrillation following coronary bypass surgery. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 31:367–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fuller JA, Adams GG, Buxton B (1989) Atrial fibrillation after coronary artery grafting: is it a disease of elderly? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 97:821–825PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yousif H, Davies G, Oakley CM (1990) Peri-operative supraventricular arrhythmias in coronary artery bypass surgery. Int J Cardiol 26:313–318PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crosby LH, Woll KR, Wood KL, Pifalo WB (1990) Effect of activity on supraventricular tachyarrhythmias after coronary bypass surgery. Heart Lung 19:666–670PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Frost L, Molgaard H, Christiansen EH, Hjortholm K, Paulsen PK, Thomsen PEB (1992) Atrial fibrillation and flutter after coronary artery bypass surgery: epidemiology, risk factors and preventive trials. Int J Cardiol 36:253–261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cox JL (1993) A perspective of postoperative atrial fibrillation in cardiac operations. Ann Thorac Surg 56:405–409PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pires LA, Wagshal AB, Lancey R, Huang S (1995) Arrhythmias and conduction disturbances after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: epidemiology, management, and prognosis. Am Heart J 129:799–808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gaylard E (1996) Changing incidence of atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting: a retrospective analysis. Br J Clin Pract 50:164–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ommen SR, Odell JA, Stanton MS (1997) Atrial arrhythmias after cardiothoracic surgery. N Engl J Med 336:1429–1434PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Asher CR, Miller DP, Grimm RA, Cosgrove DM, Chung MK (1998) Analysis of risk factors for development of atrial fibrillation early after cardiac valvular surgery. Am J Cardiol 87:892–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Creswell LL, Schuessler RB, Rosenbloom M (1993) Hazards of postoperative atrial arrhythmias. Ann Thorac Surg 56:539–549PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Aranki SF, Shaw DP, Adams DH, Rizzo RJ, Couper GS, VanderVliet M, Collins JJ, Cohn LH, Burstin HR (1996) Predictors of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery surgery: current trends and impact on hospital resources. Circulation 94:390–397PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Borzak S, Tisdale JE, Amin NB, Goldberg AD, Frank D, Padhi D, Higgins RSD (1998) Atrial fibrillation after bypass surgery: does the arrhythmia or the characteristics of the patients prolong hospital stay? Chest 113:1489–1491PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Parker FB, Greiner-Hayes L, Bove EL, Marvasti MA, Johnson LW, Eich RH (1983) Supraventricular arrhythmias following coronary artery bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 86:594–600PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Crosby LH, Pifalo WB, Woll KR, Burkholder JA (1990) Risk factor for atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting. Am J Cardiol 66:1520–1522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Andrews TC, Reimold SC, Berlin JA, Antman EM (1991) Prevention of supraventricular arrhythmias after coronary bypass surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials. Circulation 84[Suppl III]:236–244Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mathew JP, Parks R, Savino JS (1996) Atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass graft surgery: predictors, outcomes, and resources utilization. JAMA 276:300–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Leitch JW, Thomson D, Baird DK, Harris PJ (1990) The importance of age as a predictor of atrial fibrillation and flutter after coronary bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 100:338–342PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Caretta Q, Mercanti CA, De Nardo D, Chiarotti F, Scibilia G, Reale A, Marino B (1991) Ventricular conduction defects and atrial fibrillation after coronary bypass grafting. Multivariate analysis of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative variables. Eur Heart J 12:1107–1111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kowey PR, Taylor JE, Rials SJ, Marinchak RA (1992) Meta-analysis of effectiveness drug therapy in preventing supraventricular arrhythmia early after coronary artery bypass grafting. Am J Cardiol 69:963–965PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Davison R, Hartz R, Kaplan K, Parker M, Feiereisel P, Michaelis L (1985) Prophylaxis of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia after coronary artery bypass surgery with oral verapamil: a randomized, double-blind trial. Ann Thorac Surg 39:336–339PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Weiner B, Rheinlander HF, Decker EL, Cleveland RJ (1986) Digoxin prophylaxis following coronary artery bypass surgery. Clin Pharm 5:55–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Martinussen HJ, Lolk A, Szezepanski C, Alstrup P (1988) Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias after coronary artery bypass surgery: a double blind randomized trial of prophylactic low dose propranolol. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 36:206–207PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gold MR, Ungaro MA, Ory DS, O’Gara PT, Buckley MJ (1991) Procainamide prevents arrhythmia following coronary bypass surgery. Circulation 4[Suppl II]:285Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pfisterer ME, Kloter-Weber UCD, Huber M, Osswald S, Buser PT, Skarvan K, Stulz PM (1997) Prevention of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias after open heart operation by low-dose sotalol: a prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Ann Thorac Surg 64:1113–1119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hohnloser SH, Meinertz T, Dammbacher T (1991) Electrocardiographic and antiarrhythmic effects of intravenous amiodarone: results of a prospective, placebo-controlled study. Am Heart J 121:89–95PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Butler J, Harris DR, Sinclair M, Westby S (1993) Amiodarone prophylaxis for tachycardias after coronary bypass surgery: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Br Heart J 1993:56–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Daud EG, Strickberger SA, Man KC, Goyal R, Deeb GM, Boiling SF, Pagani FD, Bitar C, Meissner MD, Morady F (1997) Preoperative amiodarone as prophylaxis against atrial fibrillation after heart surgery. N Engl J Med 337:1785–1791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Liebold A, Wahba A, Birnbaum DE (1998) Low-energy cardioversion with epicardial wire electrodes: new treatment of atrial fibrillation after open heart surgery. Circulation 98:883–886PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mehmanesh H, Lange R, Hagl S (1998) Temporary atrial electrode for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia after cardiac operations. Ann Thorac Surg 65:632–636PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Zussa
    • 1
  • E. Polesel
    • 1
  1. 1.Reparto di CardiochirurgiaOspedale Umberto IMestre, VeniceItaly

Personalised recommendations