An Anatomical Approach to Curing Atrial Fibrillation: Pulmonary Vein Isolation with Through-the-Balloon Ultrasound Ablation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice. Drug therapy can be associated with a number of untoward effects, such as proarrhythmia, long-term inefficacy and even an increase in mortality. Catheter ablation of the atrioventricular node with pacemaker implantation , or modification of the AV node without pacer implantation  can facilitate ventricular rate control, but thromboembolic risk is unchanged and atrial systole is not restored. Given these limitations, an approach that cures atrial fibrillation would be highly desirable.
KeywordsAtrial Fibrillation Pulmonary Vein Catheter Ablation Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Pulmonary Vein Isolation
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