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Minimally Invasive Surgical Approach to Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation: Is the Game Worth the Candle?

  • C. Piorkowski
  • G. Hindricks
  • H. Kottkamp
Conference paper

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an arrhythmia that has been shown to be associated with an elevated mortality rate and with an indipendent excess risk of stroke [1]. Long-term anticoagulation and regulation of the heart rate can only partly solve the problem, owing to the risks major bleeding [2]. In addition, many patients suffer greatly from the symptoms of AF.

Keywords

Atrial Fibrillation Pulmonary Vein Chronic Atrial Fibrillation Left Atrial Appendage Mitral Valve Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Piorkowski
    • 1
  • G. Hindricks
    • 1
  • H. Kottkamp
    • 1
  1. 1.Heart Center, Department of ElectrophysiologyUniversity of LeipzigGermany

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