Lead-Related Thrombi in Patients with Pacemaker/ICD: What Is the Prevalence, Clinical Significance, and Recommended Management?
The presence of thrombi on a permanent pacemaker lead is a rare complication of pacing. The reported cases relate to axillary subclavian vein thrombosis or the onset of thrombi at different sites on the permanent pacemaker lead [1–3]. Clinically, thromboembolic complications related to permanent cardiac pacing may affect the upper arm, axillary, subclavian or jugular veins, right atrium, and pulmonary circulation [4,5].
KeywordsPacemaker Implantation Atrial Thrombus Pacemaker Lead Permanent Pace Poor Acoustic Window
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