Pacemaker/ICD Lead Extraction Using the Excimer Laser Sheath: What Are the Advantages and What Are the Risks?
Since 1965 transvenous lead implantation for cardiac pacing has been the routine treatment for bradyarrhythmias. At the end of 1980s, the implantable car- dioverter defibrillator (ICD) was considered the first-line therapy for tach- yarrhythmia management, and in recent years new ICD indications for the primary prevention of sudden death have been added. Moreover, biventricular pacing for the treatment of congestive heart failure has been recently introduced. Thus, the number of implantable devices with a growing number of leads is increasing day after day.
KeywordsExcimer Laser Left Internal Mammary Artery Laser Group Biventricular Pace Implantable Defibrillator
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