How Are Perfusion and Adrenergic Innervation of the Left Ventricle Affected in Paced Patients?

  • E. N. Simantirakis
  • P. E. Vardas
Conference paper


Cardiac pacing, first introduced almost 45 years ago, is an established treatment for the prevention of symptomatic bradyarrhythmias. More recently, it has also proved valuable as an adjunct therapy in heart failure patients with ventricular conduction disturbances and, in some cases, in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, in patients with traditional indications cardiac pacing has been shown to be associated with “side effects”, in particular when it results in atrioventricular and/or ventricular asynchrony


Myocardial Perfusion Right Ventricular Myocardial Blood Flow Perfusion Defect Biventricular Pace 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. N. Simantirakis
    • 1
  • P. E. Vardas
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiology DepartmentHeraklion University HospitalHeraklion, CreteGreece

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