Reverse Structural and Contractile Remodeling without Reverse Electrical Remodeling by Biventricular and Right Ventricular Apex Pacing in Dogs with Chronic AV Block

  • M. Peschar
  • M. A. Vos
  • F. W. Prinzen
Conference paper


During the last two decades an increasing body of evidence has built up that ventricular pacing causes abnormal, asynchronous electrical activation of the ventricles, and thereby also causes abnormal contraction patterns and reduced pump function [1]. During asynchronous contraction workload, myocardial blood flow and oxygen consumption are reduced in early-activated and increased in late-activated regions [1]. Long-term ventricular pacing induces ventricular dilatation and asymmetric hypertrophy, the latter due to local variation in myocyte size and proportional increase in collagen [2]. The latter study cited is an elegant demonstration that local myocardial load regulates local myocardial growth. However, the degree of hypertrophy appears to depend on the degree of initial hypertrophy. Left ventricular (LV) pacing in normal dog hearts induced circa 40% hypertrophy in the late-activated septum. In contrast, right ventricular (RV) pacing in hearts that were hypertro- phying due to aortic banding showed no excessive hypertrophy in the late-activated LV free wall, but rather a reduction in hypertrophy of the early-activated septum [3]. Moreover, the asymmetry of hypertrophy appears to depend on the site of pacing: around 40% in case of LV pacing versus around 10% in the caseof RV pacing.


Right Ventricular Ventricular Pace Electrical Remodel Right Ventricular Pace Left Ventricular Pace 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Peschar
    • 1
  • M. A. Vos
    • 2
  • F. W. Prinzen
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of PhysiologyCardiovascular Research Institute MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Departments of CardiologyCardiovascular Research Institute MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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