Sympathetic and Vagal Fibrillation: Do They Exist?
Atrial fibrillation is a major clinical problem, not only because it involves a growing number of patients with different arrhythmia-related symptoms, but also because of its social and economic impact. Patients with atrial fibrillation are characterised by such symptoms as palpitations and dyspnoea, are limited in their exercise capability and are at high risk of thromboembolic events . Current figures indicate that almost 4% of all hospital admissions are due to symptoms related to atrial fibrillation and its complications.
KeywordsAtrial Fibrillation Heart Rate Variability Sinus Rhythm Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Structural Heart Disease
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Coumel P (1994) Autonomic arrhythmogenic factors in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In: Olsson SB, Alessie MA, Campbell RW (eds) Atrial fibrillation: mechanism and therapeutic strategies. Futura, Armonk pp 171–184Google Scholar
- 9.Tomoda Y, Uemura S, Fujimoto S et al (1998) Assessment of autonomie nervous activity before the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 31:11–17Google Scholar
- 11.Vikman S, Makikallio TH, Yli-Mayry S et al (1999) A decrease in complexity of R-R interval dynamics precedes the spontaneous onset of atrial fibrillation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 22[pt II]:A48Google Scholar
- 12.Lombardi F, Tundo F (2002) Autonomic nervous system and atrial fibrillation. G Ital Aritmol Cardiostimol 5:23–27Google Scholar
- 15.Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (1996) Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Circulation 93:10431065Google Scholar