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Paediatric Respiratory Diseases

  • A. Sarti
  • C. Dell’Oste

Abstract

Respiratory failure, the second most common cause of death in infants, accounts for around 50% of intensive care unit admission of infants and children [1]. This is due to the wide array and high incidence of respiratory diseases in the paediatric age group. It is also due to the fact that respiratory function is particularly at risk. The limited ability of the developing respiratory system to compensate for disease-induced mechanical abnormalities makes the child susceptible to respiratory failure, which is very often the cause or the main effect of most paediatric emergencies. Respiratory function is critical for all organ systems of infants and young children. Early recognition of respiratory insufficiency is critical to allowing quick treatment, before progression of the vicious cycle of asphyxia and haemodynamic deterioration, which may lead to cardiorespiratory arrest (Fig. 1).

Keywords

Respiratory Failure Airway Obstruction Functional Residual Capacity Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction Basic Life Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Sarti
  • C. Dell’Oste

There are no affiliations available

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