Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Hemodynamic Aspects and Treatment

  • G. Della Rocca
  • C. Coccia
  • I. Reffo


Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major international health problem, with an annual estimated incidence of over 100,000 cases in France, 65,000 cases among hospitalized patients in England and Wales, and at least 60,000 new cases per year in Italy. The diagnosis is often untreated, difficult to obtain and is frequently missed [1]. Mortality in the untreated is approximately 30%, but with adequate treatment this can be reduced to 2–8%. Numerous cases go unrecognized and hence untreated, with poor outcomes. Indeed the prevalence of PE at autopsy (approximately 12–15% in hospitalized patients) has not changed over three decades [2].


Nitric Oxide Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary Hypertension Right Ventricular Pulmonary Arterial Pressure 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Della Rocca
  • C. Coccia
  • I. Reffo

There are no affiliations available

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