A History of International Contacts of Russian Anaesthesiology

  • E. A. Damir


The political situation in the USSR after World War II made international contacts difficult, with the Communist Party and the KGB controlling all personal contacts and correspondence. However, there were good medical libraries in the main cities (Moscow, Leningrad, capitals of republics), which were financed by the government. Moreover, in order to keep abreast with medical and research advances worldwide, it became important for Russian doctors to learn foreign languages. Leading surgeons started to realise the necessity of improving anaesthesia.


Communist Party Postgraduate Training Political Situation European Academy Endotracheal Anaesthesia 


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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

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  • E. A. Damir

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