Neuroimaging Diagnosis of Primary Brain Neoplasms in Childhood
While not as frequent as in the adult population, primary neoplasm of the brain still constitutes the most frequently encountered solid tumor arising in the pediatric age group [1,2]. Tumors may be encountered in all age groups during childhood . Supratentorial tumors predominate in the first year of life, whereas infratentorial tumors are more frequent in the age range of 1–8 years [3-5]. In the second decade of life, the proportions of infratentorial vs. supratentorial tumors are similar to what is encountered in the adult population, with a predominance of tumors in the supratentorial space. In general, there is a tendency toward less aggressive glial tumors in children than in adults; however, primary brain tumors still account for significant morbidity and mortality in the pediatric age group. More aggressive therapies have also had a greater negative impact on brain development especially when used in the first decade of life. Early diagnosis is still the key to aggressive management and outcome, and other than increased clinical surveillance, imaging plays the most important role of all of the laboratory modalities both in diagnosis and in follow-up.
KeywordsCyst Wall Pineal Region Brain Stem Glioma Suprasellar Region Intraventricular Tumor
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