Neuroradiological Diagnosis of Craniocerebral and Spinal Trauma: Current Concepts

  • P. M. Parizel
  • C. D. Phillips


Traditionally, X-ray films of the skull have been used to detect skull fractures, intracranial mass effect (“pineal shift”), air-fluid levels and foreign objects (e.g. metal, glass, projectile fragments). However, the diagnostic yield of plain X-ray films is low because there is poor correlation between skull fractures and intracranial injury. When computed tomography is available, plain skull films contribute little or no additional information in the clinical management of the acute trauma patient.


Cervical Spine Epidural Hematoma Skull Fracture Spinal Trauma Turbo Spin Echo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested Reading

  1. Gean AD (1994) Imaging of head trauma. Raven, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Gentry LR (2002) Head trauma. In: Atlas SW (ed) Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine, 3rd edn. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia New York, pp 1059–1098 (Chapter 20)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Parizel
    • 1
  • C. D. Phillips
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Virginia Health SystemCharlottesvilleUSA

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