Coronary Flow Reserve and Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography

  • Luis Moura
  • Miguel Angel García Fernández
  • José Luis Zamorano


Although there are several diagnostic techniques available for assessing coronary function, the quantification of coronary flow (CF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) by angiography using an intracoronary Doppler flow wire is usually invasive. Recently, there have been several advances in echocardiography, not only in the direct visualization of the coronary arteries, but also in measuring CF and CFR. In this chapter, the current state of myocardial contrast echocardiography will be revisited, as well as the measurement of CF and CFR by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), with special emphasis on recent advancements in ultrasound contrast-enhanced agents.


Myocardial Blood Flow Right Coronary Artery Coronary Flow Reserve Coronary Stenosis Left Main Coronary Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Moura
  • Miguel Angel García Fernández
  • José Luis Zamorano

There are no affiliations available

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