Contrast Echocardiography for Left Ventricular Opacification

  • Partho Sengupta
  • Bijoy K. Khandheria


Accurate assessment of left ventricular (LV) function is of paramount importance in clinical cardiology. Although the LV contraction and relaxation occur in a complex three-dimensional format, changes in two-dimensional regional and global LV geometry during a cardiac cycle provide a reliable estimate of the overall LV function. This information is obtained comprehensively during realtime two-dimensional echocardiography by quantifying the extent of wall thickening, endocardial motion and serial changes in LV sizes and volumes. Accurate echocardio-graphic interpretation, however, necessitates a proper delineation of the blood-endocardial interface and is not found adequately in a significant proportion (10%–20%) of patients referred for routine echocardiographic evaluation in clinical practice [1]. Suboptimal image quality in these patients results from a variety of factors including obesity, lung disease or chest wall deformities, thereby obviating an optimal application and utilization of cardiac ultrasound.


Regional Wall Motion Dobutamine Stress Contrast Echocardiography Endocardial Border Harmonic Imaging 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Partho Sengupta
  • Bijoy K. Khandheria

There are no affiliations available

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