Clinical Application of Contrast Echocardiography in Critically III Patients

  • William A. A. Foster
  • Jonathan R. Lindner


Patients managed in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting typically have dysfunction of one or more organ systems, of which the circulatory system is among the most common. Cardiovascular pathology is not only a frequent primary cause for ICU care, but it also is a frequent complication in the critically ill patient presenting with other life-threatening diseases. Due to the tenuous status of most ICU patients, the initial cardiac assessment must be rapid, complete, and precise in defining the underlying pathophysiology. Noninvasive echocardiographic imaging has become an integral part of the evaluation and care of critically ill patients due to its portability, safety, and ability to provide a comprehensive assessment of cardiac performance in a very rapid manner.


False Lumen Left Ventricular Cavity Contrast Echocardiography Harmonic Imaging Intensive Care Unit Setting 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. A. Foster
  • Jonathan R. Lindner

There are no affiliations available

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