Treatment with External Fixation

  • M. Manca
  • F. Lavini


External fixation was initially used as a first aid treatment, often temporary, for fractures which were severely open or associated with polytrauma [1], More recently it has been used by some authors as the method of choice in complex fractures of the tibial pilon, and the technique has been steadily gaining in popularity [2–5].


Articular Surface External Fixation Cannulated Screw Tension Wire Hybrid Fixator 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Manca
    • 1
  • F. Lavini
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinica Ortopedica di PisaItaly
  2. 2.Clinica Ortopedica di VeronaItaly

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