Hydrocephalus in Neurocysticercosis and Other Parasitic and Infectious Diseases

  • Sergio Cavalheiro
  • Samuel T. Zymberg
  • Márcia C. da Silva


The cestode species are the most common parasites that affect the central nervous system (CNS). Five different cestode infections of the nervous system are: cysticercosis, from the larva of Taenia solium — the most common of them, with more than 50 000 people infected worldwide; hydatidosis (hydatic cyst disease), from the larva of Echinococcus granulosus; alveolar cyst disease from the larva of Echinococcus multilocularis; coenurosis, a rarer type, from the larva of Taenia multiceps; and, exceptionally, sparganosis from the larva of Spirometra mansonoides. Only the most important ones and those related to hydrocephalus will be discussed here — cysticercosis and hydatidosis. Three other infections are common and may lead to hydrocephalus. They are fungal, viral, and infections by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Other bacterial ventriculitis will not be discussed in this chapter.


Fourth Ventricle Temporal Horn Congenital Toxoplasmosis Human Leukocyte Antigen Molecule Histoplasma Capsulatum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Cavalheiro
    • 1
  • Samuel T. Zymberg
    • 1
  • Márcia C. da Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, Escola Paulista de MedicinaFederal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryHospital Infantil São CamiloBelo HorizonteBrazil

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