Biophysical Stimulation with Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in Avascular Necrosis of the Femur Head

  • R. Cadossi
  • E. Vaienti
  • L. Massari
  • G. C. Traina


Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femur head represents a pathological condition of clinical-epidemiological importance. The uncertainties persisting with regard to the etiology, pathogenesis, and therapy justify the growing interest in this disease and necessitate the introduction of suitable protocols for diagnosis and therapy [1,2].


Electrical Stimulation Femur Head Avascular Necrosis Radiographic Progression Core Decompression 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Cadossi
    • 1
  • E. Vaienti
    • 2
  • L. Massari
    • 3
  • G. C. Traina
    • 3
  1. 1.Research and DevelopmentIgea Carpi ModenaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Section of Orthopaedics, Traumatology, and Functional RehabilitationUniversity of ParmaParmaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Orthopaedic ClinicUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly

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