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Overview of Magnetic Resonance Studies in Other Neurological Conditions

  • A. Falini
Part of the Topics in Neuroscience book series (TOPNEURO)

Abstract

Since the beginning, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has played a major role in the field of clinical neurology. The difficulty in accessing brain tissue during direct biopsy procedures, due to its peculiar anatomic protection (skull and meningeal sheaths), encouraged the validation of this potentially noninvasive technique in the study of normal and diseased central nervous system (CNS). The high concentration of hydrogenate compounds in the brain tissue facilitated the adoption of proton MRS, a technique able to provide high enough resolution to distinguish among different cellular populations and anatomic structures of the CNS. Initial research focused on the main neurological conditions, such as tumors, vascular diseases, demyelinating diseases, and epilepsy. During the following years, most of the pathological entities affecting the CNS were investigated. The popularity of neurospectroscopy has varied, ranging from periods when it was enthusiastically considered as an extraordinarily powerful tool able to replace brain biopsy or nuclear medicine invasive procedures, to periods when it was seen as a technique devoid of clinical utility, to be confined to research laboratories.

Keywords

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patient Motor Neuron Disease Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2001

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  • A. Falini

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