Synchronous Fluorescence Spectra as Chemical Tracers to Monitor the Organic Matter Dissolved in North Adriatic Waters

  • M. Mingazzini


The use of synchronous fluorescence spectra as chemical tracers of the DOM in Adriatic Sea waters is here proposed. Laboratory experiments using both marine diatom cultures and natural phytoplankton provided evidence for the ability of the technique to characterize and quantify the extracellular products. Fluorescence parameters defined on laboratory cultures were applied to the study of the natural DOM present in the mixing area of the Po River with marine waters. The results support the effectiveness of the parameters to detect the contribution of the terrestrial as well as of the newly produced components mixed in seawater DOM. Experimental evidence was provided for the potential of the technique to trace the accumulation of the EOM in marine waters.


Dissolve Organic Matter Dissolve Organic Matter Synchronous Fluorescence Chemical Tracer Synchronous Fluorescence Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmad SR, Reynolds DM (1995) Synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy of wastewater and some potential constituents. Water Res 29: 1599–1602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cabaniss SE, Shuman MS (1987) Synchronous fluorescence spectra of natural waters: tracing sources of dissolved organic matter. Mar Chem 21: 37–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen FR, Bada JL (1992) The fluorescence of dissolved organic matter in seawater. Mar Chem 37: 191–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coble PG (1996) Characterization of marine and terrestrial DOM in seawater using excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy. Mar Chem 51: 325–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Souza Sierra MM, Donard OXF, Lamotte M, Belin C, Ewald M (1994) Fluorescence spectroscopy of coastal and marine waters. Mar Chem 47: 127–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. EPA (1974) Marine algal assay procedure: bottle test (eutrophication and lake restoration branch). Pacific Northwest Environ Protect Lab, Corvallis, ORGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferrari GM, Mingazzini M (1995) Syndironous fluorescence spectra of dissolved organic matter (DOM) of algal origin in marine coastal waters. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 125: 305–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Galapate RP, Baes AU, Ito K, Mukai T, Shoto E, Okada M (1998) Detection of domestic wastes in Kurose River using synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy. Water Res 32: 2232–2239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mingazzini M, Colombo S, Ferrari GM (1995) Application of spectrofluorimetric techniques to die study of mucilages in the Adriatic Sea: preliminary results. Sci Total Environ 165: 133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mingazzini M, Onorato L (1998) Relation between phytoplankton exudates and producer species: differentiation indices (in Italian). Biol Mar Mediterr 5(1): 755–758Google Scholar
  11. Mingazzini M, Thake B (1995) Summary and conclusions of the workshop on marine mucilages in the Adriatic Sea and elsewhere. Sci Total Environ 165: 9–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mopper K, Schultz CA (1993) Fluorescence as a possible tool for studying the nature and water column distribution of DOC components. Mar Chem 41: 229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pettine M, Patrolecco L, Camusso M, Crescenzio S (1998) Transport of Carbon and Nitrogen to the Northern Adriatic Sea by the Po River. Estuarine Coast Shelf Sci 46: 127–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prahl FG, Coble PG (1994) Input and behaviour of dissolved organic carbon in the Columbia River Estuary. In: Dyer KR, Orth RJ (eds) Changes in fluxes in estuaries: implications from science and management. Olsen and Olsen, Fredensborg, pp 451–457Google Scholar
  15. Rinaldi A, Volenweider RA, Montanari G, Ferrari CR, Ghetti A (1995) Mucilages in Italian seas: the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian Seas, 1988–1991. Sci Total Environ 165: 165–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Senesi N (1990) Molecular and quantitative aspects of the chemistry of fulvic acid and its interactions with metal ions and organic chemicals. II. The fluorescence spectroscopy approach. Anal Chim Acta 232: 77–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Traganza ED (1969) Fluorescence excitation and emission spectra of dissolved organic matter in sea water. Bull Mar Sci 19:897–904Google Scholar
  18. Vodacek A (1989) Synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy of dissolved organic matter in surface waters: application to airborne remote sensing. Remote Sensing Environ 30: 239–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vo-Dinh T (1978) Multicomponent analysis by synchronous luminescence spectrometry. Anal Chem 50: 396–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Mingazzini
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Ricerca sulla AcqueCNRBrugherio (Mi)Italy

Personalised recommendations