Syncope or Seizures: What Have We Learned from Electrocardiographic Monitoring?

  • L. Bergfeldt
Conference paper


Syncope is a symptom defined as “a transient, self-limited loss of consciousness, usually leading to falling” [1]. The onset of syncope is relatively rapid, and the subsequent recovery is spontaneous, complete and usually prompt. The underlying mechanism is a transient global cerebral hypoperfusion. Seizure is, according to the same document, synonymous with an epileptic fit, and “...whatever its immediate or remote cause, an epileptic attack is the manifestation of a paroxysmal discharge of abnormal rhythms in some part of the brain” [2]. In order to differentiate between the two, simultaneous electroen-cephalographic (EEG) and electrocardiographic (ECG) recording with multiple scalp and chest electrodes is required, a situation that is rarely fulfilled.


Seizure Disorder Myoclonic Jerk Cardiac Conduction System Electrocardiographic Monitoring Epileptic Attack 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bergfeldt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology, Karolinska HospitalElectrophysiology and Arrhythmia ServiceStockholmSweden

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