Geodetic Contributions to Gravitational Experiments in Space
Geodesy has been traditionally a science that facilitated the testing of some of the most important laws of physics and their corollaries. In the past, these experiments were natural consequence of problems that geodesy had to solve in order to progress and refine its methods. In recent years, with a lot of the “geodetic problems” under control, geodesists have taken a closer look at problems that we can address keeping in mind that our current primary goal is to facilitate interdisciplinary research on global change and related topics (Fig. 1). One of the areas that geodesy can contribute the most, is the precise determination of the terrestrial gravity field and its temporal variations. This provides the precise, stable and free-of-gravitational-noise environment where very delicate experiments in gravitational physics can be conducted.
KeywordsGlobal Position System Satellite Laser Range International Terrestrial Reference Frame Satellite Laser Range Data Weighted Root Mean Square
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Lemoine, F.G., Kenyon, S.C., Factor, J. K., Trimmer, R. G., Pavlis, N.K., Chinn, D.S., Cox, C.M., Klosko, S.M., Luthcke, S.B., Torrence, M.H., Wang, Y.M., Williamson, R.G., Pavlis, E.C., Rapp, R.H., Olson, T.R. (1998): The Development of the Joint NASA GSFC and the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) Geopotential Model EGM96. NASA/TP-1998-206861. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, July 1998Google Scholar
- 2.NRC (1997): Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelope. Washington D.C., National Academy PressGoogle Scholar
- 6.Nerem, R.S. et al. (1994): Gravity Model Development for TOPEX/POSEIDON: Joint Gravity Models 1 and 2. J. of Geophys. Res. 99, C12Google Scholar
- 9.Pavlis, E.C. (2000): JCET’s Contribution to the IERS Terrestrial Reference Frame 2000. Eos Trans. AGU 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., F312Google Scholar
- 10.Pavlis, E.C. (2001): Satellite laser ranging constraints on global mass transport in the Earth system. Geophysical Res. Abstracts (CD) 3, EGS, Nice, FranceGoogle Scholar
- 11.Pavlis, E.C. (2001): Earth orientation from satellite laser ranging (SLR): quality, content and resolution. Geophysical Res. Abstracts (CD), 3, EGS, Nice, FranceGoogle Scholar
- 12.Pavlis, D.E., et al. (1998): GEODYN systems description. Vol. 3, Greenbelt, MD: NASA GSFCGoogle Scholar
- 13.MIT (1970): The Terrestrial Environment: Solid Earth and Ocean Physics. NASA Contractor Report CR-1579. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Inst. of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
- 14.Lense, J., Thirring, H. (1984): Translation of the German original (Phy. Z. 19, 156, 1918), by B. Mashhoon, F.W. Hehl, D.S. Theiss. Gen. Relativ. Gravitation 16, 711Google Scholar
- 18.Pavlis, E.C., Iorio, L. (2001): The impact of tidal errors on the determination of the Lense-Thirring effect from satellite laser ranging. Accepted in the International Journal of Modern Physics DGoogle Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002