Cost-Effectiveness of Postoperative Pain Management

  • N. Rawal
Conference paper


It is clear that if postoperative analgesia is improved with surgical wards techniques such as patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), epidural analgesia and peripheral nerve blocks have to be introduced on a routine basis. These techniques provide superior analgesia as compared to i.m. opioids but have their own risks and therefore require special monitoring. Traditional methods of analgesia are not risk-free and the risks have rarely been quantified. While better postoperative pain is relatively easily achievable, there has to be a balance between acceptable risk, perceived benefit and cost-effectiveness.


Total Knee Arthroplasty Epidural Analgesia Postoperative Analgesia Epidural Morphine Epidural Block 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rawal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive CareÖrebro Medical Centre HospitalÖrebroSweden

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