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Cost-Effectiveness of Postoperative Pain Management

  • N. Rawal
Conference paper

Abstract

It is clear that if postoperative analgesia is improved with surgical wards techniques such as patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), epidural analgesia and peripheral nerve blocks have to be introduced on a routine basis. These techniques provide superior analgesia as compared to i.m. opioids but have their own risks and therefore require special monitoring. Traditional methods of analgesia are not risk-free and the risks have rarely been quantified. While better postoperative pain is relatively easily achievable, there has to be a balance between acceptable risk, perceived benefit and cost-effectiveness.

Keywords

Total Knee Arthroplasty Epidural Analgesia Postoperative Analgesia Epidural Morphine Epidural Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rawal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive CareÖrebro Medical Centre HospitalÖrebroSweden

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