Surgery in the Elderly — Outcome and Complication Pattern
An increasing number of elderly patients is undergoing surgery. In addition, even elderly patients with significant concurrent disease are now frequently considered eligible for major surgical procedures. Generally, postoperative complications occur more frequently with increasing age. Age, however, is not in it self a very strong risk factor but the presence of chronic, age-related diseases increase with age and in addition, a predictable decrease in physiologic organ reserve is seen in the elderly. The elderly patient is therefore less able to compensate for any disturbance in organ function and clinical postoperative complications may result. Postoperative complications can be classified into cardiac, respiratory, infectious, and cerebral complications.
KeywordsCardiac Complication Postoperative Delirium Noncardiac Surgery Postoperative Pulmonary Complication Elective Cardiac Operation
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