Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery
Morbidity and mortality associated with abdominal surgery have decreased over the years as a result of preoperative optimization of patient health status and improved anesthetic and surgical techniques. However, postoperative morbidity still occurs, even after elective surgical interventions. The key pathogenic factor in postoperative morbidity, excluding failure of surgical and anesthetic techniques, is the surgical stress response with subsequent increased demands on organ function.
KeywordsGastric Emptying Postoperative Ileus Nociceptive Afferent Patient Health Status Sympathetic Efferent Nerve
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