Postoperative Fluid Management

  • G. Berlot
  • A. Tomasini
  • U. Lucangelo
Conference paper


Major surgery is associated with a number of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disorders, which can be ascribed to a number of different causes, including blood loss, volume resuscitation, tissue trauma, cardiovascular instability, changes in body temperature and renal dysfunction. In both the immediate and late postoperative phases, the increased reabsorption of sodium and water, driven by the trauma-induced neurohormonal response to stress, further aggravate the ongoing disturbances of the internal milieu [1]. Thus, both the choice of fluids and the strategy of their administration are of paramount importance in order to prevent or reduce the occurrence of potentially harmful disturbances of fluid and electrolytes.


Total Body Water Colloid Osmotic Pressure Volume Resuscitation Molar Substitution Synthetic Colloid 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Berlot
    • 1
  • A. Tomasini
    • 1
  • U. Lucangelo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain ClinicTrieste University School of MedicineTriesteItaly

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