Trauma in Children
Caring for the injured adult is a challenge because of the huge variety of injury patterns that occur. Caring for the injured child is an even greater challenge because not only do the injuries vary from child to child, but each child’s anatomy and physiology changes through childhood to adulthood. Although in some countries, children are treated in Pediatric Trauma Centres because their outcome is said to be better, this is not universally the case. There is some evidence that the staff who normally treat adults manage children more effectively if they have additional qualifications in pediatrics . This implies that an appreciation of the special features of children’s trauma improves care. The following text is directed towards doctors who do not specialize in pediatric trauma. In this chapter it is almost inevitable to stress the differences between children and adults. However, we should not forget that there are very many similarities in the management of children and adults and that the principles of management are identical.
KeywordsHead Injury Glasgow Coma Scale Score Seat Belt Cervical Spine Injury Pulmonary Contusion
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 14.Meyer P, Cuttaree H (1996) Severe trauma in children. Clin Anaesthesiol 10(4): 753–770Google Scholar
- 19.Lissauer T, Clayden G (1997) Illustrated textbook of paediatrics. Mosby, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 33.Ruess L, Sivit CJ, Eichelberger MR et al (1997) Blunt abdominal trauma in children: impact of CT on operative and non-operative management. Am J Roentgenol 169: 1011–1014Google Scholar
- 36.Sutcliffe AJ (1988) Critical Care. In: Alpar EK, Owen R (eds) Paediatric Trauma, Castle House Publications, Tunbridge Wells, 47–62Google Scholar