Prognosis in Cerebral Dysfunction in Patients with Head Trauma

  • N. Latronico
  • R. Stefini
  • A. Candiani
Conference paper


Prevalence estimates for head trauma in the United States range from 2.5 million to 6.5 million individuals living with the consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) [1]. These estimates suffer from ascertainment bias, since they are based exclusively on information about hospitalized patients and those who die before hospitalization, while rates of hospitalization for TBI are declining, and care of persons with less-severe TBI is shifting from hospital admission to outpatient services [2]. Situation appears even more catastrophic when considering that road crashes account for most of the injuries, and that car use is rapidly increasing in many countries. It is estimated that by 2020 road crashes will have moved from ninth to third in the world ranking of disease burden [3].


Traumatic Brain Injury Head Trauma Injury Severity Score Intracranial Hypertension Severe Head Injury 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Latronico
    • 1
  • R. Stefini
    • 2
  • A. Candiani
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Anaesthesiology and Intensive CareUniversity of BresciaSpedali CiviliItaly
  2. 2.Institute of NeurosurgeryUniversity of BresciaSpedali CiviliItaly

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