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Dermatitis caused by aquatic worms

  • Gianni Angelini
  • Domenico Bonamonte

Abstract

Worms are marine and land invertebrates with a long, soft, contractile body and no limbs. At present these organisms are classified in the phyla of Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Nematoda, Annelida and many others (Table 9.1). The marine forms of these phyla have been investigated for toxins, and the chemical nature of some of those found has been identified [1].

Table 9.1. The phyla of some toxic salt and fresh water worms

1. Phylum: Platyhelminthes

Family: Schistosomatidae (cercariae)

Species:

Trichobdharzia ocellata

Trichobilharzia stagnkolae

Trichobilharzia physellae

Gigantobilharzia huronemis

bchtstosomatium douthitti

2. Phylum: Annelida

A. Class: Hirudinea (leeches)

B. Class: Polychaeta

Species:

Hermodtce carunculata (dogworm)

Aphrodite aculeata (sea mouse)

Nereis diversicolor

Lumbriconereis irnpatiens

3. Phylum: Nematoda

Species:

Ancylostoma spp.

Oncocherca volvulus

Keywords

Contact Dermatitis Hermit Crab Larva Migrans Cercarial Dermatitis Cutaneous Larva Migrans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianni Angelini
    • 1
  • Domenico Bonamonte
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases Unit of DermatologyUniversity of BariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases Unit of DermatologyUniversity of BariItaly

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